Thermal properties of diene elastomers


The paper presents the results of investigating the effect of the macromolecule chemical structure and the spatial network structure of butadiene (BR), butadiene-styrene (SBR) and butadiene-acrylonitrile (NBR) rubbers on their thermal properties. The rubbers were cross-linked by the conventional method by means of dicumyl peroxide or sulfur as well as by the non-conventional way using iodoform (CH3I). The rubber and their vulcanizates were assessed by the derivatographic method (under air) and by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) under inert gas. The thermal cross-linking degree of the polydienes and the efficiency of the cross-linking processes, dependent on both the chemical structure of elastomer macromolecules and their spatial network structure were determined. The cross-linking of elastomers with iodoform changes the thermal properties of polymers, significantly increasing their glass transition temperature during both sample heating and cooling, which results from the increase in mutual interaction of macromolecules connected with their modification with iodine compounds.


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Polymer Science Series B, Vol. 56, Issue 4, pages 477–486