|dc.contributor.author||Walczak, Bartosz M.||
|dc.identifier.citation||Walczak Bartosz M., Zespoły fabryczno-mieszkalne w europejskim przemyśle włókienniczym w latach 1771-1914. Geneza - Rozwój - Typologia., Wydawnictwo Politechniki Łódzkiej, Łódź 2010, ISSN 0137-4834||
|dc.description||Red. działu : Wodziński, Piotr||
|dc.description.abstract||The aim of this research has been to present selected issues related to the development
of industrial complexes integrated with workers housing in European textile industry
over the period 1771-1914. The initial dlate refers to the establishment of the first modern
spinning mill and related housing in Cromford, England. The outbreak of the World
War I marks the end of the analysed period and the beginning of dramatic change of the
social and economical realm in Europe. It is necessary to underline that author aimed to
create a panorama of industrial complexes instead of evaluation of Polish achievements
in the European context.
The book comprises of two parts. The first includes four chapters. The subject of the first
chapter is the workers housing question form the Middle Ages to the birth of the Industrial
Revolution. Particular interest was given the issue of the evolution of a house as a craftsman'
s place of living and working. Origins of the industrial complexes from the monasteries
to centralised manufactories were also described. The research focused on the textiles. However,
the cases from other industry branches were given to allow comparisons as well as better
meaning of the processes throughout Europe.
The following chapter deals with various aspects potentially decisive for the origins and
development of industrial complexes, specifically in the textiles. First, the issues related to
the technological advancement and industrial growth were outlined. Secondly, evolution
of attitudes towards social, economical and religious questions was described. The changes
in the legal framework were also illustrated. The development of the architectural and urban
planning theory was of particular interest including specifics of the industrial buildings.
Finally, the world exhibitions were described as an important platform for the international
exchange and dissemination of the new solutions in diverse fields: technology,
production organisation, civil engineering and architecture, and even social reforms.
Third chapter provides 41 case studies - industrial complexes selected to illustrate development
of spatial composition, building types and forms during the analysed period. Therefore,
a chronological order was adopted for the case studies. The decisive criterion was the
dlate when the first workers houses were built. Each study includes short historical outline,
description of the spatial layout, characteristics of major industrial buildings, houses and
amenities. In some cases short information about present state was included. Due to variety
of sources of information as well as diverse specifics of analysed sites it was impossible to
adopt unified description pattern.
The fourth chapter includes a comparative analysis, taking account of functional, spatial
and architectural issues. The timeline of sites development with periods of intensified investment
was indicated. The distribution of textile complexes in Europe was also investigated.
Then the urban and topographical context, including features such as water (rivers, canals,
reservoirs) and transport routes. Furthermore, functional program and spatial organisation
of the complexes were examined. This is followed by a synthesis of industrial buildings and
workers housing with typological approach. What is more, the comparison of analysed textile
sites with the most important examples related to other branches of European industry
allowed their evaluation in wider context. The chapter concludes with an appraisal of the industrial
complexes and workers housing in European textile industry.
The second part of this book includes a gazetteer of textile industry sites identified in course
of the research. There are 281 industrial complexes with workers' housing mentioned in this
chapter. The alphabetical order was adopted, reflecting a current national status of the sites.
Author believes the current research proved that integrated industrial complexes with
workers housing were integral components of the nineteenth-century European landscape
and important part of local heritage in many regions. The existence of such industrial sites
is decisive for a particular, distinctive image of many towns and villages, and what is more
symbolise processes which become commonplace throughout the industrialising Europe in
the nineteenth century. Although the textile complexes were widespread they maintained
their local specifics. Apparently cultural diversity was stronger than universalism of the
nineteenth-century capitalism. The sites are linked by generał social and economical concept
and not by spatial and architectural solutions.
The integrated industrial complexes were not only production places but also living environments.
Merger of civilisation and nature features formed relatively pleasant dwelling
conditions. Spatial order and social harmony survived until the 1970s, when the crisis badly
affected traditional branches of European industry. The decline in manufacturing meant the
loss of the economical base for the inhabitants of factory villages. But in many cases it also
meant decline of the neighbourhood and disintegration of social bonds. Transformation of
European industry affected the level of preservation of old industrial complexes. Only few
sites are generally appreciated and fully protected. This in particular refers to the UNESCO
World Heritage Sites.
Taking into consideration the historical values and spatial quality of the textile complexes,
they should not be omitted in the regeneration process. Their renewal, however, requires an
integrated, holistic approach including urban, architectural, conservation and social issues.
Project management and co-ordination should focus on the protection of the integrity of the
site, which is necessary for proper evaluation, comprehensive meaning of the place and appropriate
interpretation. Tuus, author has trusted that the outcomes of the accomplished research
will contribute to increased knowledge, better understanding and in consequence improved
protection and regeneration of integrated industrial complexes.||en_EN
|dc.publisher||Wydawnictwo Politechniki Łódzkiej||pl_PL
|dc.publisher||Lodz University of Technology Press||en_EN
|dc.relation.ispartofseries||Zeszyty Naukowe / Politechnika Łódzka Nr 1084 ;||pl_PL
|dc.relation.ispartofseries||Rozprawy Naukowe / Politechnika Łódzka z. 402 ;||pl_PL
|dc.subject||pracownicy przemysłu tekstylnego - domy mieszkalne - historia||pl_PL
|dc.subject||zespoły fabryczno - mieszkalne - Łódź||pl_PL
|dc.subject||textile industry workers - residential houses - history||en_EN
|dc.subject||factory-residential complexes - Łódź||en_EN
|dc.title||Zespoły fabryczno-mieszkalne w europejskim przemyśle włókienniczym w latach 1771-1914. Geneza - Rozwój - Typologia||pl_PL
|dc.title.alternative||Industrial Complexes and Workers Housing in European Textile lndustry 1771-1914. Origins - Development-Typology||en_EN