Intra-family financial and non-financial support for pensioners: share survey results in 19 European countries
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The present paper is based on the data of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in in Europe. The process of selecting and preparing the data for the analysis is outlined in section 2, as well as major descriptive statistics of the questionnaire respondents. The author hypothesized that the probability to give / receive financial and non-financial support may depend on the individual socio-demographic characteristics (age, gender, living single or in a couple, having children, relative income level), as well as reciprocity practices in family and macro-level country specific characteristics (spending on old-age pensions, income inequality, at-risk-of-poverty rates). Section 3 discusses the results of the study, presenting the obtained proportions of intrafamily transfers in different European countries, as well as crude and adjusted regression coefficients.
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