Study of the Formation of Lamellar Cracks.
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In rolled sheets, non-metallic inclusions are distributed along the thickness of the sheet as narrow lines running parallel to the rolling direction. Such inclusions are the nuclei of lamellar cracks. This work presents the application of the numerical method for study of lamellar cracking. Numerical models of samples with long artificial fissures set in the area of the sheet axis were studied along with other encountered inclusion distributions. Changes in the stress state in the area of the inclusion were observed as the load increased. Stress concentration leads to the formation of lamellar cracks - the joining of voids in the direction parallel to the exterior surface of the sheet (so-called "terraces" are formed) and at angles (so-called "jogs" are formed). The results of experimental tests were compared with the results of numerical calculations using the finite element method.
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