The role and importance of managerial competences in the effectiveness of implementation of changes in an industrial enterprise.
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Effective leadership is a principal condition of the effective process of introducing a change. Change managers in an organization perform an essential part in the effectiveness of initiation of changes, and consequently, in the formation of economic development, competitiveness and profitability of an enterprise. They are the ones who substantially initiate and promote changes in an organization and perform the function of the originator of a pro-effectivity organizational culture. This paper presents the problem on the basis of 20 selected industrial enterprises. The experience of the author in the implementation of systemic changes in enterprises indicate that a shortage of efficient managers in an organization can limit or annihilate prospective results during the implementation of changes. In the process of creating entrepreneurship in an organization qualifications and competences of middle-level managers gain in importance, determining innovative processes in an organization and having an increasing influence on the strategic success of an enterprise. The author of this article describes factors rationalizing the course of implementing changes and she presents the required and most desirable competences of managers at every stage of introducing changes.