Modelling Heat Flow in a Heat Storage System with the Use of the Finite Volume Method
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Non-stationary heat flow was analysed in a heat storage system comprising a flat multilayer structure with different parameters and thickness. Concrete was the heat storage material, and water was the transfer medium responsible for supplying and evacuating heat from the storage medium. It was assumed that the modelled heat storage system may be powered by a solar thermal collector. Data were collected over a period of 24 hours, and they were analysed separately for the heat accumulation phase and the heat recovery phase. Calculations were performed in a program developed by the author based on the Finite Volume Method (FVM). The main aim is to illustrate the basic features of the developed numerical code and to find effective methods for evaluating the applicability of the modelled structures for heat storage. Except that, in the paper the possibilities are discussed for the use of the source component of the diffusion equation to describe various phenomena of physical, chemical and biological nature. The present article was motivated by the observation that FVM is currently not applied in the process of designing heat storage systems.